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A Perfectly Tuned Evening Every Time...
Opened in 2008, The Dirty Dog is one of the premiere destinations in the United States for world class Jazz and cuisine. It combines the charm of an English-style pub with intimacy and meticulous attention to detail and hospitality.
THE DIRTY DOG JAZZ CAFE BLOG
The Dirty Dog brings together the musicians and guests in a way that creates a lasting impression and desire to come back.
November 21, 2019

 

 

dukeEllington.the famous people.com

 

Duke Ellington / Photo from “thefamouspeople.com”

 

duke-ellington-2

 

Composer, pianist, band leader, Duke Ellington, photo: JazzInsideandOut.com

 

 

Jazz has always had a modern element to it since its inception in the late 1800’s. As with most other art forms there have been artists along the way who were on the cutting edge of the next future trends. This allowed Jazz to keep redefining itself and stay contemporary as an art-form; encouraging artists to experiment with new sounds and styles.

 

 

Since Jazz was a rather new musical art-form, it didn’t start blossoming out in new directions until the beginning of the 20th century which was a great time filled with new discoveries and technology that were about to change the world with electricity and cars as well as telephones, cameras, phonographs, movies, radio, and much more that had a huge impact on music.

 

 

As Jazz was growing as a genre, many Jazz historians list many sub-genres that were taking Jazz in new directions such as Ragtime and Dixieland at the turn of the century followed by Swing and Big Band music of the 1930’s to 1950’s pioneered by Duke Ellington, Count Basie and Benny Goodman.  The 1950’s also brought early versions of “Free Jazz”  which was very improvisational with the musicians breaking down familiar Jazz conventions by altering chord progressions, instrumentation, tempos and melodic forms.  Many felt that modern Jazz per se started with BeBop in the 1940s.

 

 

The Bebop era  was the most contemporary Jazz had ever been to that pointe in time. With its fast tempos, instrumental virtuosity, unique time signatures and wild scale patterns, it gave musicians the freedom to explore these exciting new territories. Its major artists included Thelonious Monk, Miles Davis, Charlie Parker, and others.

 

 

John Coltrane performs on stage at the Half Note club, New York, 1965. (Photo by Adam Ritchie/Redferns)

John Coltrane

John Coltrane performs on stage at the Half Note club, New York, 1965. (Photo by Adam Ritchie/Redferns, HuffingtonPost.com

 

 

Other major stirrings came in the 1950s, with the early work of Ornette Coleman and Cecil Taylor and many others. In the 1960s, performers and composers included Archie Shepp, Sun Ra, Albert Ayler, Pharaoh Sanders, John Coltrane, and others. Coltrane championed many younger free Jazz musicians, (notably Archie Shepp), and under his influence, Impulse! became a leading free Jazz record label.

 

 

New forms of “modern Jazz” continued to emerge from the band stands an recording studios.  In June of 1965, Coltrane and ten other musicians recorded “Ascension”, a 40-minute long piece that included adventurous solos by the young avant-garde musicians (as well as Coltrane), and was controversial primarily for the collective improvisation sections that separated the solos. His group consisted of  McCoy Tyner on piano, Jimmy Garrison and Art Davis on bass, and Elvin Jones on Drums. ‘Trane described the piece in a radio interview, as a “big band thing” even though it was far from it!

 

 

After recording with the quartet over the next few months, Coltrane invited Pharoah Sanders to join the band in September 1965. While Coltrane used over-blowing frequently as an emotional ( emotional free expression) exclamation-point, Pharoah would opt to over-blow his entire solo, resulting in a constant screaming and screeching in the middle and high range of the instrument.

 

 

Free Jazz or Avant Garde Jazz started in the 1960’s and 1970’s and was characterized by “free tonality” in which former aspects of the idiom disappeared. It also started to incorporate more world music form India, Africa and Arabia,and  still included elements of BeBop.

 

 

miles davis

Composer, trumpeter, band leader, Miles Davis,  photo by beardedgentlemenmusic.com

 

 

Fusion from the 1960’s to the present was one of the next forms of modern Jazz and incorporated modern Rock, World and Folk music into its sound along with electronic instruments and extended solos. One of it’s most important innovators was Miles Davis who brought in elements of amplified Funk and Rock.

 

 

Jazz has always absorbed the world around it….can’t wait to see what’s coming up next!?

 

 

 

 

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